Your Rights as an EU Citizen

What is EU citizenship?

Any person who holds the nationality of an EU country is automatically also an EU citizen. EU citizenship is additional to and does not replace national citizenship. It is for each EU country to lay down the conditions for the acquisition and loss of nationality of that country.

EU Services For You – Law

What rights do you have as an EU citizen?

The EU would like you to know about these rights that you have as an EU Citizen and to be able to fully enjoy them in your daily life. The EU Citizenship Report contributes to this endeavor.  EU citizens’ rights are spelled out in Part Two of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. They are also enshrined in Chapter V of Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU.


Your Fundamental Rights

The EU is based on the values of human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities.


Other cross-border rights

Accessing social security:
As a job-seeker
As a worker
As a retired person

EHIC-Featured-ImageGetting healthcare abroad:
Under EU law, you can seek medical treatment in another EU country and may be entitled to have the costs reimbursed by your national health insurer.

Studying abroad
As an EU national, you have the right to study in any EU country under the same conditions as nationals of that country.

Online shopping
You are protected by EU law when shopping online in Europe.

passportPassenger rights
If you have problems with international rail travel or flights departing from the EU or arriving in the EU with an EU carrier from a non-EU country, you may be entitled to a refund and possibly also compensation.

Cheaper mobile phone calls
When you use your mobile phone in another EU country, there is a limit on what your operator can charge you.

Safe, secure and affordable energies
As a consumer, you are now better protected and have the right to choose the best gas and electricity deal for you, thanks to the EU.


You can download the official ‘Did You Know? 10 EU rights at a glance’ here.


All UK citizens retain these rights until the UK has officially left the EU.